ဂမောဝ်၊ တၞံ

နူ ဝဳကဳပဳဒဳယာ
အ​ညွှန်း​သို့ ခုန်ကူးရန် ရှာဖွေရန် ခုန်ကူးမည်

တၞံဂမောဝ်
Harra (Terminalia chebula) leafless tree at 23 Mile, Duars, WB W IMG 5905.jpg
A leafless T. chebula tree
မပါ်ဂကူ အတိုင်နဲသိပ္ပံ
လောက: Plantae
(unranked): Tracheophytes
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
လၟေင်ဂကူ: Myrtales
ဇာတ်ဂကူ: Combretaceae
ဗဳဇဂကူ: Terminalia
လစှ်ေဂကူ: chebula
ယၟုတၞဟ်
  • Buceras chebula (Retz.) Lyons
  • Combretum argyrophyllum K.Schum.
  • Myrobalanus chebula (Retz.) Gaertn.
  • Myrobalanus gangetica (Roxb.) Kostel.
  • Myrobalanus tomentella Kuntze
  • Terminalia acutae

Walp.

  • Terminalia argyrophylla King & Prain
  • Terminalia gangetica Roxb.
  • Terminalia parviflora Thwaites
  • Terminalia reticulata Roth
  • Terminalia tomentella Kurz
  • Terminalia zeylanica Van Heurck & Müll. Arg.

တၞံဂမောဝ် (အၚ်္ဂလိက်: black- chubbily myrobalan) နကဵုယၟုသိပ္ပံ Terminalia chebula[၁] ဝွံ ဒှ်ဂကူတၞံ Terminalia တမ်မူလ ကၠုင်နူ အာရှဒိုဟ်အဂၞဲ နူကဵု အိန္ဒိယ နဳပဝ်၊ လပါ်ဗမံက် ဍုင်ကြုက် ဒိုဟ်နေရတိ (ယူနာန်)၊ လပါ်သၠုင်ကျာမ္ဂး သဳရိလင်္ကာ၊ မလေရှာ ကေုာံ ဗဳယေတ်နာမ်။

လက်သန်[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

တၞံဂမောဝ် ဂှ် ဒှ်တၞံဆုတဲလဒေါဝ် ကဵု တၞံဆုတဲဇၞော် ဇၞော်သၠုင် စဵုကဵုၜိုတ် ၃၀ မဳတာ (၉၈ပေ)တုဲ ဗွိုက်အနာံ ၝောအ်ဍေဟ်ဂှ် စဵုကဵု ၁ မဳတာ (၃ ပေ ၃ ၝောအ်တဲ) ဇၞော်မာန်ရ။ The leaves are alternate to subopposite in arrangement, oval, 7–8 centimetres (2.8–3.1 in) long and 4.5–10 centimetres (1.8–3.9 in) broad with a 1–3 centimetres (0.39–1.18 in) petiole. They have an acute tip, cordate at the base, margins entire, glabrous above with a yellowish pubescence below.[နွံပၟိက် ဗၟံက်ထ္ၜးတင်နိဿဲ] The fruit is drupe-like, 2–4.5 centimetres (0.79–1.77 in) long and 1.2–2.5 centimetres (0.47–0.98 in) broad, blackish, with five longitudinal ridges. The dull white to yellow flowers are monoecious, and have a strong, unpleasant odour. They are borne in terminal spikes or short panicles. The fruits are smooth ellipsoid to ovoid drupes, yellow to orange-brown in colour, with a single angled stone.

လွပ်[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

T. chebula

This tree yields smallish, ribbed and nut-like fruits which are picked when still green and then pickled, boiled with a little added sugar in their own syrup or used in preserves. The seed of the fruit, which has an elliptical shape, is an abrasive seed enveloped by a fleshy and firm pulp. Seven types of fruit are recognized (vijaya, rohini, putana, amrita, abhaya, jivanti, and chetaki), based on the region where the fruit is harvested, as well as the colour and shape of the fruit. Generally speaking, the vijaya variety is preferred, which is traditionally grown in the Vindhya Range of west-central India, and has a roundish as opposed to a more angular shape.[၂] The fruit also provides material for tanning leather and dyeing cloth.[၃]

Terminalia chebula is a main ingredient in the Ayurvedic formulation Triphala which is used for kidney and liver dysfunctions. The dried fruit is also used in Ayurveda as a purported antitussive, cardiotonic, homeostatic, diuretic, and laxative.

ဓါတ် မနွံဂမၠိုင်[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

A number of glycosides have been isolated from haritaki, including the triterpenes arjunglucoside I, arjungenin, and the chebulosides I and II. Other constituents include a coumarin conjugated with gallic acids called chebulin, as well as other phenolic compounds including ellagic acid, 2,4-chebulyl-β-D-glucopyranose, chebulinic acid, gallic acid, ethyl gallate, punicalagin, terflavin A, terchebin, luteolin, and tannic acid.[၂][၄] Chebulic acid is a phenolic acid compound isolated from the ripe fruits.[၅][၆] Luteic acid can be isolated from the bark.[၇]

ဗီုရုပ်[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

နိဿဲ[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

  1. "Terminalia chebula Retz". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 6 Aug 2016.
  2. ၂.၀ ၂.၁ Archived copy. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03။ Retrieved on 2014-05-18
  3. Terminalia chebula.
  4. "Inhibition of cancer cell growth by crude extract and the phenolics of Terminalia chebula retz. Fruit" . 
  5. "Isolation of chebulic acid from Terminalia chebula Retz. And its antioxidant effect in isolated rat hepatocytes" . 
  6. "Preventive effects of chebulic acid isolated from Terminalia chebula on advanced glycation endproduct-induced endothelial cell dysfunction" . 
  7. "The distribution of myrobalanitannin" .