ဝေါလောဒိမဳရ် ဇြေလေန်သကဳ

နူ ဝဳကဳပဳဒဳယာ
ဝေါလောဒိမဳရ် ဇြေလေန်သကဳ
Volodymyr Zelenskyy
Володимир Зеленський
Official portrait, 2019
6th သမတ ယူကြိန်
Assumed office
၂၀ မေ ၂၀၁၉
Prime Minister
Preceded by Petro Poroshenko
သၠးဂၠံဂဝ် Volodymyr Oleksandrovych Zelenskyy
(1978-01-25) ၂၅ ဇာန်နဝါရဳ၊ ၁၉၇၈ (အာယုက် ၄၆)
Kryvyi Rih, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
(now Ukraine)
ဗော်ပရေင်ဍုင်ကွာန် Independent[၁]
Servant of the People (2018–present)
ဌာန်ဒၟံင် Mariinskyi Palace
ပရေင်ပညာ Kyiv National Economic University (LLB)
  • Politician
  • actor

ဝေါလောဒိမဳရ် ဇြေလေန်သကဳ (Volodymyr Oleksandrovych Zelenskyy) (ယူကြိန် Bолодимир Олександрович Зеленський) ၜံင် ၂၅ ဇာန်နဝါရဳ ၁၉၇၈) ဝွံ ဒှ် သၟာပရေင်ဍုင်ကွာန် ယူကြိန်၊ သၟာဇာတ် (actor) ကေုာံ သၟာဂရိုင် တြေံ၊[၂] တုဲ ဒှ်သမတ ဍုင်ယူကြိန် မရနုက်ကဵု တြဴ ကေုာံ ပစ္စုပ္ပန်။

ဇြေလေန်သကဳ က္တဵုဒှ်မၞိဟ် ကေုာံ ဇၞော်ဂေါဝ်ကၠုင် နဒဒှ်မၞိဟ်မဟီုအရေဝ်ရုရှာ ပ္ဍဲကဵု ဍုင် ကြဳဝဳ ရိ (Kryvyi Rih), မဒှ် ဍုင်ဇၞော် ပ္ဍဲကဵု ရးဒၞိပြောပေတြောဝိသ် (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast) မနွံ ဒေသလဒေါဝ် ယူကြိန်ရ။ ညးဝွံ ၜိုန်ရ မဒှ်သၟာဇာတ် ကေုာံ သၟာဂရိုင်ကီုလေဝ် ညးဂှ် ဒှ်မၞိဟ်မတုဲလဝ် ဘာဥပဒေ နူကဵု တက္ကသိုလ်ပရေင်ပိုန်ဒြပ်ကောန်ဂကူ ကဳဝ်K (yiv National Economic University) ရ။ ညးဘာတုဲ နူတက္ကသိုလ်ဂှ်တုဲ ညးကၠောန်ကမၠောန် နဒဒှ်မၞိဟ်ဂရိုင် တုဲပၠန် ဒက်ပ္တန် ကမ္မဏဳ (Kvartal 95) မကၠောန်ပ္တိတ် ရုပ်ဒမျိုင်၊ ကာတောန် ကေုာံ အစဳအဇန်တဳဝဳ သီုကဵု ဇာတ်သဳရဳတဳဝဳ မနွံယၟု ဍိက်ညးဍုင်ကွာန် (Servant of the People (TV series)) မဒှ်ဇာတ် ဇြေလေန်သကဳ မချဳဓရာင် နဒဒှ် သမတယူကြိန်ရ။ သဳရဳဂှ် ဗလးပတိတ် ပ္ဍဲတဳဝဳ နူသၞာံ ၂၀၁၅ စဵုကဵု သၞာံ ၂၀၁၉ တုဲ နူစပ္တိတ်ဂှ် မြဟ် မၞိဟ်ဒးစိုတ်ဂၠိုင်ရ။

ဇြေလေန်သကဳ လလောင်တြး ဒဒှ်ရ ညးလုပ်ဒုင်ရုဲမာဲ ပ္ဍဲသဘင်မာဲသမတဍုင်ယူကြိန် သၞာံ ၂၀၁၉ ပ္ဍဲကဵု တ္ၚဲဗတံသၞာံတၟိ (၃၁ ဒဳဇြေမ်ဗါ ၂၀၁၈) အဃော သမတပေတြော ပဝ်ရဝ်ရှေန်ကဝ် မကဵုဒၟံင် သြဝါဒသၞာံတၟိ ပ္ဍဲကဵု တဳဝဳရ။ နူစ ညးမလလောင်တြးဂှ် ညးဂွံလုပ် ပ္ဍဲကဵု ဂကောံအလံင်သမတ မၞိဟ်မဒးစိုတ်ဂၠိုင်ဂှ်ရ။ ညးဂွံဇၞးကေတ် သဘင်မာဲ နကဵု ၇၃,၂% ပ္ဍဲအခိင်မရုဲစှ် ဗဂေတ်ဒုတိယတုဲ ဂွံဇၞးကေတ် သမတပဝ်ရဝ်ှေန်ကဝ်ရ။ အလဵုဇကုညးတေအ်ဂှ် ညးတေအ် ဒုင်ကေတ် နဒဒှ် မၞိဟ်မအာဂတ သွက် ဒစဵုဒစးဟွံဂံင်ပြံင်လှာဲ (anti-establishment) ကဵု ဒစဵုဒစး-အာဂတိ (anti-corruption)ရ။

ပ္ဍဲအခိင် ညးမဒှ်ဒၟံင် သမတဂှ် ညးဂွံစၟတ်သမ္တီ မၞိဟ်ထံက်ဂလာန် အလဵုအသဳ-အဳ e-government ကေုာံ မၞိဟ်ဒက်ပတန် ဓဝ်ညဳသာ အကြာ ကောန်ဍုင်ကွာန် မဟီုအရေဝ်ယူကြိန် ကဵု အရေဝ်ရုရှာတအ်ရ။[၃] ညးဂှ် ဒှ်မၞိဟ်မစကာ သဵုရှေယ်မဳဒဳယာ နကဵုဂုဏ်ဖိုလ်နွံနွံမွဲတၠတုဲ ညးစကာ Instagram ဂၠိုင်ရ။[၄] ဗော်ညး ဂွံဇၞးကေတ် သဘင်မာဲစၠတ်ထဝ်ယူကြိန် သၞာံ ၂၀၁၉ အလုံမွဲဍုင်ရ။ ပ္ဍဲအခိင် ညးမဂွံအဝဵုဍုင်ဂှ် During his administration, Zelenskyy oversaw the lifting of legal immunity for members of the Verkhovna Rada,[၅] the country's response to the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent economic recession, and some progress in tackling corruption in Ukraine.[၆][၇] Critics of Zelenskyy claim that, in taking power away from Ukrainian oligarchs, he has sought to centralise authority and strengthen his personal position.[၈][၉]

Zelenskyy promised to end Ukraine's protracted conflict with Russia as part of his presidential campaign, and attempted to engage in dialogue with Russian president Vladimir Putin.[၁၀] Zelenskyy's administration faced an escalation of tensions with Russia in 2021, culminating in the launch of an ongoing full-scale Russian invasion in February 2022. Zelenskyy's strategy during the Russian military buildup was to calm the Ukrainian populace and assure the international community that Ukraine was not seeking to retaliate.[၁၁] He initially distanced himself from warnings of an imminent war, while also calling for security guarantees and military support from NATO to "withstand" the threat.[၁၂] After the commencement of the invasion, Zelenskyy declared martial law across Ukraine and a general mobilisation of the armed forces. His leadership during the crisis won him widespread international admiration, and he has been described as a symbol of Ukrainian resistance.[၁၃]

Early life[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Volodymyr Oleksandrovych Zelenskyy was born to Jewish parents on 25 January 1978 in Kryvyi Rih, then in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.[၁၄][၁၅][၁၆][၁၇] His father, Oleksandr Zelenskyy, is a professor and the head of the Department of Cybernetics and Computing Hardware at the Kryvyi Rih State University of Economics and Technology; his mother, Rymma Zelenska, used to work as an engineer.[၁၈][၁၉][၂၀] His grandfather, Semyon (Simon) Ivanovych Zelenskyy, served as Infantry reaching the rank of Colonel[၂] the Red Army (in the 57th Guards Motor Rifle Division)[၂၁] during World War II; Semyon's father and three brothers were murdered in the Holocaust.[၂၂] Prior to starting elementary school, Zelenskyy lived for four years in the Mongolian city of Erdenet, where his father worked.[၁၅] Zelenskyy grew up speaking Russian.[၂၃] Volodymyr Zelenskyy's father was a computer scientist, and his mother was an engineer. [၂] At the age of 16, he passed the Test of English as a Foreign Language and received an education grant to study in Israel, but his father did not allow him to go.[၂၄] He later earned a law degree from the Kryvyi Rih Institute of Economics, then a department of Kyiv National Economic University and now part of Kryvyi Rih National University, but did not go on to work in the legal field.[၁၅][၂၅]

Entertainment career[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

At age 17, he joined the local KVN[၂၆] (a comedy competition) team and was soon invited to join the united Ukrainian team "Zaporizhia-Kryvyi Rih-Transit" which performed in the KVN's Major League and eventually won in 1997.[၁၅][၂၇][၂၈] That same year, he created and headed the Kvartal 95 team which later transformed into the comedy outfit Kvartal 95. From 1998 to 2003, Kvartal 95 performed in the Major League and the highest open Ukrainian league of KVN, the team members spent a lot of the time in Moscow and constantly toured around post-Soviet countries.[၁၅][၂၇] In 2003, Kvartal 95 started producing TV shows for the Ukrainian TV channel 1+1, and in 2005, the team moved to fellow Ukrainian TV channel Inter.[၁၅]

In 2008, he starred in the feature film Love in the Big City, and its sequel, Love in the Big City 2.[၁၅] Zelenskyy continued his movie career with the film Office Romance. Our Time in 2011 and with Rzhevsky Versus Napoleon in 2012.[၁၅] Love in the Big City 3 was released in January 2014.[၁၅] Zelenskyy also played the leading role in the 2012 film 8 First Dates and in sequels which were produced in 2015 and 2016.[၁၅] He recorded the voice of Paddington Bear in the Ukrainian dubbing of Paddington (2014) and Paddington 2 (2017).[၂၉]

Zelenskyy in Prague in 2009

Zelenskyy was a member of the board and the general producer of the TV channel Inter from 2010 to 2012.[၂၅]

In August 2014, Zelenskyy spoke out against the intention of the Ukrainian Ministry of Culture to ban Russian artists from Ukraine.[၃၀] Since 2015, Ukraine has banned Russian artists and other Russian works of culture from entering Ukraine.[၃၁] In 2018, the romantic comedy Love in the Big City 2 starring Zelenskyy was banned in Ukraine.[၃၂]

After the Ukrainian media had reported that during the war in Donbas Zelenskyy's Kvartal 95 had donated 1 million hryvnias to the Ukrainian army, some Russian politicians and artists petitioned for a ban on his works in Russia.[၃၃][lower-alpha     ၁] Once again, Zelenskyy spoke out against the intention of the Ukrainian Ministry of Culture to ban Russian artists from Ukraine.[၃၀]

Kvartal 95 performance in 2018

In 2015, Zelenskyy became the star of the television series Servant of the People (TV series), where he played the role of the president of Ukraine.[၂၅] In the series, Zelenskyy's character was a high-school history teacher in his 30s who won the presidential election after a viral video showed him ranting against government corruption in Ukraine.

The comedy series Svaty ("In-laws"), in which Zelenskyy appeared, was banned in Ukraine in 2017,[၃၄] but unbanned in March 2019.[၃၅]

Zelenskyy worked mostly in Russian language productions. His first role in the Ukrainian language was the romantic comedy ထာမ်ပလိက်:Illm,[၃၆] which appeared on the screens of Ukraine in December 2018.[၃၇] The first version of the script was written in Ukrainian but was translated into Russian for the Lithuanian actress Agnė Grudytė. Then the movie was dubbed into Ukrainian.[၃၈]

2019 presidential campaign[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Zelenskyy and then Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, 19 April 2019

In March 2018, members of Zelenskyy's production company Kvartal 95 registered a new political party called Servant of the People – the same name as the television program that Zelenskyy had starred in over the previous three years.[၃၉][၄၀] Although Zelenskyy denied any immediate plans to enter politics and said he had only registered the party name to prevent it being appropriated by others,[၄၁] there was widespread speculation that he was planning to run. As early as October 2018, three months before his campaign announcement and six months before the presidential election, he was already a frontrunner in opinion polls.[၄၂][၄၀] On 31 December, less than four months from the election, he announced his candidacy for president of Ukraine on the New Year's Eve evening show on the TV channel 1+1.[၄၃] after months of ambiguous statements.[၄၁][၄၀] His announcement up-staged the New Year's Eve address of President Petro Poroshenko on the same channel,[၄၃] which Zelenskyy said was unintentional and attributed to a technical glitch.[၄၄]

Zelenskyy's presidential campaign against the incumbent Petro Poroshenko was almost entirely virtual.[၄၅][၄၆] He did not release a detailed policy platform[၄၇] and his engagement with mainstream media was minimal;[၄၅][lower-alpha     ၂] he instead reached out to the electorate via social media channels and YouTube clips.[၄၅] In place of traditional campaign rallies, he conducted stand-up comedy routines across Ukraine with his production company Kvartal 95.[၄၉][၅၀] He styled himself as an anti-establishment, anti-corruption figure, although he was not generally described as a populist.[၄၇] He said he wished to restore trust in politicians, "to bring professional, decent people to power" and to "change the mood and timbre of the political establishment".[၃၉][၄၀][၅၁] On 16 April 2019, a few days before the election, 20 Ukrainian news outlets called on Zelenskyy to "stop avoiding journalists".[၄၅] Zelenskyy stated that he was not hiding from journalists but that he did not want to go to talk shows where "people of the old power" were "just doing PR" and that he did not have time to satisfy all interview requests.[၅၂]

Prior to the elections, Zelenskyy presented a team that included former Finance Minister Oleksandr Danylyuk and others.[၅၃][၄၈] During the campaign, concerns were raised over his links to the oligarch Ihor Kolomoyskyi.[၅၄] President Poroshenko and his supporters claimed that Zelenskyy's victory would benefit Russia.[၅၅][၅၆][၅၇][၅၈] On 19 April 2019 at Olimpiyskiy National Sports Complex presidential debates were held in the form of a show.[၅၉][၆၀][၆၁] In his introductory speech, Zelenskyy acknowledged that in 2014 he voted for Poroshenko, but "I was mistaken. We were mistaken. We voted for one Poroshenko, but received another. The first appears when there are video cameras, the other Petro sends Medvedchuk privietiki (greetings) to Moscow".[၅၉] Although Zelenskyy initially said he would only serve a single term, he walked back this promise in May 2021, saying he had not yet made up his mind.[၆၂]

Zelenskyy stated that as president he would develop the economy and attract investment to Ukraine through "a restart of the judicial system" and restoring confidence in the state.[၆၃] He also proposed a tax amnesty and a 5 per cent flat tax for big business which could be increased "in dialogue with them and if everyone agrees".[၆၃] According to Zelenskyy, if people would notice that his new government "works honestly from the first day", they would start paying their taxes.[၆၃]

Zelenskyy clearly won both the first round of elections on 31 March,[၆၄] and the run-off election on 21 April 2019.[၆၅]

Zelenskyy was elected President of Ukraine on 21 April 2019, beating the incumbent, Petro Poroshenko with nearly 73 per cent of the vote to Poroshenko's 25 per cent.[၆၆][၆၇] Polish President Andrzej Duda was one of the first European leaders to congratulate Zelenskyy.[၆၈] French President Emmanuel Macron received Zelenskyy at the Élysée Palace in Paris on 12 April 2019.[၆၉] On 22 April, U.S. President Donald Trump congratulated Zelenskyy on his victory over the telephone.[၇၀][၇၁] European Commission President Jean Claude Juncker and European Council President Donald Tusk also issued a joint letter of congratulations and stated that the European Union (EU) will work to speed up the implementation of the remainder of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area.[၇၂]

Presidency[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

ထာမ်ပလိက်:Infobox president styles

Zelenskyy with German Chancellor Angela Merkel at the Federal Chancellery Complex in Berlin, June 2019.
Zelenskyy and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko in Zhytomyr, October 2019.

Zelenskyy was inaugurated on 20 May 2019.[၇၃] Various foreign officials attended the ceremony in Ukraine's parliament (Verkhovna Rada), including Salome Zourabichvili (Georgia), Kersti Kaljulaid (Estonia), Raimonds Vējonis (Latvia), Dalia Grybauskaitė (Lithuania), János Áder (Hungary), Maroš Šefčovič (European Union), and Rick Perry (United States).[၇၄] Zelenskyy is the first Jewish President of Ukraine. With Volodymyr Groysman as Prime Minister, Ukraine became the second country to have both a Jewish President and Prime Minister.[၁၇] In his inaugural address, Zelenskyy dissolved the then Ukrainian parliament and called for early parliamentary elections (which had originally been due to be held in October of that year).[၇၅] One of Zelenskyy's coalition partners, the People's Front, opposed the move and withdrew from the ruling coalition.[၇၆]

On 28 May, Zelenskyy restored the Ukrainian citizenship of Mikheil Saakashvili.[၇၇]

Zelenskyy's first major proposal to change the electoral system was rejected by the Ukrainian parliament.[၇၈]

In addition, on 6 June, lawmakers refused to include Zelenskyy's key initiative on reintroducing criminal liability for illegal enrichment in the parliament's agenda, and instead included a similar bill proposed by a group of deputies.[၇၉][၈၀] In June 2019 it was announced that the president's third major initiative, which seeks to remove immunity from lawmakers, diplomats and judges, would be submitted after the July 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election.[၈၁]

U.S. Vice President Mike Pence and U.S. delegation meets with Zelenskyy in Warsaw on 1 September 2019
Zelenskyy meets with U.S. President Donald Trump in New York City on 25 September 2019

On 8 July, Zelenskyy ordered the cancellation of the annual Kyiv Independence Day Parade on Maidan Nezalezhnosti, citing costs. Despite this, Zelenskyy highlighted that the day would "honor heroes" on Independence Day, however the "format will be new".[၈၂][၈၃][၈၄] He also proposed to spend the money that would have been used to finance the parade on veterans.[၈၅]

In 2020, Zelenskyy's party proposed reforms to Ukraine's media laws with the intent to increase competition and loosen the dominance of Ukrainian oligarchs on television and radio broadcasters. Critics said it risked increasing media censorship in Ukraine[၈၆] because its clause of criminal responsibility for the distribution of disinformation could be abused.[၈၇]

Zelenskyy was criticized for a secret trip to Oman in January 2020 that was not published on his official schedule and on which he appeared to mix a personal holiday with government business. Although the president's office said the trip had been paid for by Zelenskyy himself and not with government money, Zelenskyy came under heavy criticism for the lack of transparency around the trip, which was compared unfavourably to a secret vacation his predecessor Petro Poroshenko took in the Maldives, and which Zelenskyy himself had criticized at the time.[၈၈][၈၉]

In January 2021, parliament passed a bill updating and reforming Ukraine's referendum laws,[၉၀] which Ukraine's Constitutional Court had declared unconstitutional in 2018.[၉၁] Fixing the referendum law had been one of Zelenskyy's campaign promises.[၉၀]

In June 2021, Zelenskyy submitted to the Verkhovna Rada a bill creating a public registry of Ukraine's oligarchs, banning them from participating in privatizations of state-owned companies, and forbidding them from contributing financially to politicians. Opposition party leaders supported Zelenskyy's goal of reducing oligarchs' influence on politics in Ukraine but were critical of his approach, saying the public register would be both dangerous, as it concentrated power in the president; and ineffective, since oligarchs were merely a "symbol" of more deeply-rooted corruption.[၉၂] The bill was passed into law in September 2021.[၉၃]

Cabinets and Administration[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Zelenskyy appointed Andriy Bohdan as head of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine. Prior to this, Bohdan had been the lawyer of Ukrainian oligarch Ihor Kolomoyskyi.[၉၄] Under the rules of Lustration in Ukraine, introduced in 2014 following Euromaidan, Bohdan is not entitled to hold any state office until 2024 (because of his government post during the Second Azarov Government).[၉၅] Bohdan, however, contended that because heading the presidential administration is not considered civil service work, lustration did not apply to him.[၉၆] A number of the members of the Presidential Administration Zelenskyy appointed were former colleagues from his former production company, Kvartal 95,[၉၄] including Ivan Bakanov, who became deputy head of the Ukrainian Secret Service.[၉၇] Former Deputy Foreign Minister Olena Zerkal declined an appointment as deputy head of the presidential administration, but did agree to serve as the Ukrainian representative of the international courts concerning Russia.[၉၈] Zelenskyy's requests to replace the foreign minister, defence minister, chief prosecutor and head of Ukraine's security service were rejected by parliament.[၉၉][၁၀၀] Zelenskyy also dismissed and replaced 20 of the governors of Ukraine's 24 oblasts.[၁၀၁]

Honcharuk government[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

In the 21 July 2019 parliamentary election, Zelenskyy's political party, Servant of the People, won the first single-party majority in modern Ukrainian history in parliament, with 43 per cent of the party-list vote. His party gained 254 of the 424 seats.[၁၀၂]

Following the elections, Zelenskyy nominated Oleksiy Honcharuk as prime minister, who was quickly confirmed by parliament. Parliament also confirmed Andrii Zahorodniuk as defence minister, Vadym Prystaiko as foreign minister and Ivan Bakanov as head of the SBU.[၁၀၃] Arsen Avakov, a controversial figure due to longstanding corruption allegations,[၁၀၄] was kept on as interior minister, with Honcharuk arguing that the relatively inexperienced government needed experienced administrators and that Avakov had been "'drawn red lines' that cannot be crossed."[၁၀၅]

Zelenskyy dismissed Bohdan as head of his presidential administration on 11 February 2020 and appointed Andriy Yermak as his successor the same day.[၁၀၆]

Shmyhal government[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Script error: The module returned a nil value. It is supposed to return an export table. On 6 March 2020, the Honcharuk government gave way to the government of Denys Shmyhal. At the time, there was disquiet in the press over the hasty departure of Honcharuk.[၁၀၇] In his 4 March address to the Rada,[၁၀၈] Zelenskyy recommitted to reforms domestic and financial, and remarked that he "cannot always become a psychologist for people, a crisis manager for someone, a collector who requires honestly earned money, and a nanny of the ministry in charge."[နွံပၟိက် ဗၟံက်ထ္ၜးတင်နိဿဲ] By September 2020, Zelenskyy's approval ratings had fallen to less than 32 per cent.[၁၀၉]

Zelenskyy and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 16 October 2020

On 24 March 2021, Zelenskyy signed the Decree 117/2021 approving the "strategy for de-occupation and reintegration of the temporarily occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol."[၁၁၀]

Attempts to end the Donbas Conflict[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

One of Zelenskyy's central campaign promises had been to end the War in Donbas and resolve the Russia-sponsored separatist movement there.[၁၁၁] On 3 June, Zelenskyy appointed former president Leonid Kuchma as Ukraine's representative in the Tripartite Contact Group for a settlement in the conflict.[၁၁၂] On 11 July 2019, Zelenskyy held his first telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin, during which he urged Putin to enter into talks mediated by European countries.[၁၁၃][၁၁၄] The two leaders also discussed the exchange of prisoners held by both sides.[၁၁၄] In October 2019, Zelenskyy announced a preliminary deal struck with the separatists, under which the Ukrainian government would respect elections held in the region in exchange for Russia withdrawing its unmarked troops.[၁၁၁] The deal was met with heavy criticism and protests by both politicians and the Ukrainian public. Detractors noted that elections held in Donbas were unlikely to be free and fair, that the separatists had long driven out most pro-Ukrainian residents out of the region to ensure a pro-Russia majority, and that it would be impossible to ensure Russia kept its end of the agreement.[၁၁၁] Zelenskyy defended his negotiations, saying the elections would not be held before a Russian withdrawal.[၁၁၅] In December 2021, he visited far-right Ukrainian nationalist Azov fighters in the Luhansk region of Donbas and tried to get them to surrender their unregistered weapons and accept the peace accord. Andriy Biletsky, the leader of the far-right National Corps and first commander of Azov, accused Zelenskyy of being disrespectful to army veterans and of acting on behalf of the Kremlin by leaving Ukrainians vulnerable to Russian aggression.[၁၁၆][၁၁၇]

UIA Flight 752[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Script error: The module returned a nil value. It is supposed to return an export table. On 8 January 2020, the Presidential Office announced that Volodymyr Zelenskyy was cutting his trip to Oman short due to the Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 plane crash in nearby Iran the same day.[၁၁၈] The same day, internet news site Obozrevatel.com released information that on 7 January 2020, Ukrainian politician of the Opposition Platform — For Life Viktor Medvedchuk – who has exclusive relations with the current President of Russia – may have arrived in Oman.[၁၁၉] On 9 January 2020, investigative journalists from Skhemy (Schemes: corruption in details) reported that arrival of the President was delayed for almost a whole day and published photos of his arrival.[၁၂၀] Soon, rumors began that Zelenskyy may have had some additional meetings beside the ones that were announced.[၁၂၁] On 14 January 2020, Andriy Yermak dismissed the rumors as speculations and baseless conspiracy theories,[၁၂၂] while Medvedchuk stated that the plane was used by his older daughter's family to fly from Oman to Moscow.[၁၂၃] Later, Yermak contacted the on-line newspaper Ukrainian Truth and gave more details about the visit to Oman and the plane crash in Iran.[၁၂၄]

Zelenskyy and Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, in February 2021

On 17 January 2020, the presidential appointee Minister of Foreign Affairs Vadym Prystaiko was unable to give answers during the "times of questions to the government" in parliament when the people's deputies of Ukraine asked him about the visit's official agenda, the invitation from Oman, officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs who were preparing the visit, as well as how the President actually crossed the border while visiting Oman.[၁၂၅][၁၂၆] On 20 January 2020, Prystaiko followed up by giving a briefing to the press in the Office of the president of Ukraine and saying that he would explain everything about the visit that when the time came.[၁၂၇]

Foreign relations[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Zelenskyy, Ukraine's Defense Minister Andriy Taran and U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin on 31 August 2021
Zelenskyy and U.S. President Joe Biden on 1 September 2021

Script error: The module returned a nil value. It is supposed to return an export table.

Zelenskyy's first official trip abroad as president was to Brussels in June 2019, where he met with European Union and NATO officials.[၁၂၈]

In August 2019, Zelenskyy promised to lift the moratorium on exhuming Polish mass graves in Ukraine after the previous Ukrainian government banned the Polish side from carrying out any exhumations of Polish victims of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army-perpetrated Volhynian massacres, following the removal of a memorial to the Ukrainian Insurgent Army in Hruszowice, southeastern Poland.[၁၂၉]

In September 2019, it was reported that U.S. President Donald Trump had allegedly blocked payment of a congressionally mandated $400 million military aid package to Ukraine to pressure Zelenskyy during a July phone call between the two presidents to investigate alleged wrongdoing by Joe Biden and his son Hunter Biden,[၅၈][၁၃၀] who took a board seat on Ukrainian natural gas company Burisma Holdings.[၁၃၁] This report was the catalyst for the Trump–Ukraine scandal and the impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump. Zelenskyy has denied that he was pressured by Trump and declared that "he does not want to interfere in a foreign election."[၁၃၂]

Zelenskyy and Azerbaijan's President Ilham Aliyev on 17 December 2019

On a trip to the United States in September 2021, Zelenskyy engaged in talks and commitments with U.S. President Joe Biden,[၁၃၃] Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin, Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm,[၁၃၄] and Secretary of State Antony Blinken.[၁၃၅] President Zelenskyy and First Lady Olena Zelenska also took part in the opening of the Ukrainian House in Washington, D.C.[၁၃၄] On the same trip, he met with Apple CEO Tim Cook[၁၃၆] and with Ukrainians in senior positions at Silicon Valley tech companies[၁၃၇] and spoke at Stanford University.[၁၃၈] While Zelenskyy was still in the U.S., just after delivering a speech at the United Nations, an assassination attempt was made in Ukraine on Serhiy Shefir, his closest aide. Shefir was unhurt in the attack, although his driver was hospitalized with three bullet wounds.[၁၃၉]

2021–2022 Russo-Ukrainian crisis[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

In April 2021, in response to Russian military build-up at the Ukrainian borders, Zelenskyy spoke to American president Joe Biden and urged NATO members to speed up Ukraine's request for membership.[၁၄၀]

On 26 November 2021, Zelenskyy accused Russia and Ukrainian oligarch Rinat Akhmetov of backing a plan to overthrow his government.[၁၄၁] Russia denied any involvement in a coup plot and Akhmetov said in a statement that "the information made public by Volodymyr Zelenskiy about attempts to draw me into some kind of coup is an absolute lie. I am outraged by the spread of this lie, no matter what the president's motives are."[၁၄၂][၁၄၃] In December 2021, Zelenskyy called for preemptive action against Russia.[၁၄၄]

On 19 January 2022, Zelenskyy said in a video message that the country's citizens should not panic and appealed to the media to be "methods of mass information and not mass hysteria."[၁၄၅][၁၄၆] On 28 January, Zelenskyy called on the West not to create a "panic" in his country over a potential Russian invasion, adding that constant warnings of an "imminent" threat of invasion are putting the economy of Ukraine at risk.[၁၄၇] Zelenskyy said that "we do not see a bigger escalation" than in early 2021 when Russia's military build-up started.[၁၄၈] Zelenskyy and U.S. President Joe Biden disagreed on how imminent the threat was.[၁၄၉][၁၅၀]

On 19 February, as worries of a Russian invasion of Ukraine grew, Zelenskyy warned a security forum that Western nations should abandon their "appeasement" attitude toward Moscow. "Ukraine has been granted security assurances in exchange for giving up the world's third-largest nuclear arsenal. We don't have any firearms. And there's no security... But we have a right to urge a transformation from an appeasement policy to one that ensures security and peace," he stated.[၁၅၁]

In the early hours of 24 February, shortly before the start of the Russian invasion, Zelenskyy recorded an address to the citizens of both Ukraine and Russia. In part of the address, he spoke in Russian to the people of Russia, appealing to them to pressure their leadership to prevent war. He also refuted claims of the Russian government about the presence of neo-Nazis in the Ukrainian government and stated that he had no intention of attacking the Donbas region, while highlighting his personal connections to the area.[၁၅၂]

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Ukraine's Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) chairman Ruslan Stefanchuk, Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and Ukraine's Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal after signing of the application for membership in the European Union during the war on 28 February 2022

On the morning of 24 February, Putin announced that Russia was initiating a "special military operation" in the Donbas. Russian missiles struck a number of military targets in Ukraine, and Zelenskyy declared martial law.[၁၅၃] Zelenskyy also announced that diplomatic relations with Russia were being severed, effective immediately.[၁၅၄] Later in the day, he announced general mobilisation.[၁၅၅]

On 25 February, Zelenskyy said that despite Russia's claim that it was targeting only military sites, civilian sites were also being hit.[၁၅၆] In an early morning address that day, Zelenskyy said that his intelligence services had identified him as Russia's top target, but that he is staying in Kyiv and his family will remain in the country. "They want to destroy Ukraine politically by destroying the head of state", he said.[၁၅၇]

In the early hours of 26 February, during the most significant assault by Russian troops on the capital of Kyiv, the United States government and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan urged Zelenskyy to evacuate to a safer location, and both offered assistance for such an effort. Zelenskyy turned down both offers and opted to remain in Kyiv with its defense forces, saying that "the fight is here [in Kyiv]; I need ammunition, not a ride".[၁၅၈][၁၅၉][၁၆၀]

Zelenskyy has gained worldwide recognition as the wartime leader of Ukraine during the Russian invasion; historian Andrew Roberts compared him to Winston Churchill.[၁၆၁][၁၆၂] Harvard Political Review said that Zelenskyy "has harnessed the power of social media to become history's first truly online wartime leader, bypassing traditional gatekeepers as he uses the internet to reach out to the people."[၁၆၃] He has been described as a national hero or a "global hero" by many commentators, including publications such as The Hill, Deutsche Welle, Der Spiegel and USA Today.[၁၆၁][၁၆၄][၁၆၅][၁၆၆] BBC News and The Guardian have reported that his response to the invasion has received praise even from previous critics.[၁၆၀][၁၆၇]

During the invasion, three attempts to assassinate Zelenskyy were prevented due to tips from Russian FSB employees who opposed the invasion. Two of the attempts were carried out by the Wagner Group, a Russian paramilitary force, and one by the Kadyrovtsy, the personal guard of Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov.[၁၆၈]

While speaking about Ukrainian civilians who were murdered by Russian forces, Zelenskyy said[၁၆၉]: ထာမ်ပလိက်:Quotation2

Zelenskyy has been called by the Times of Israel the Jewish defender of Ukrainian democracy.[၁၇၀] Zelenskyy, as said by The Atlantic has been said to have captivated the world, and gave the world a Jewish Hero.[၁၇၁]

On 7 March 2022, Czech President Milos Zeman decided to award Zelenskyy with the highest state award of the Czech Republic, the Order of the White Lion, for "his bravery and courage in the face of Russia's invasion".[၁၇၂]

Political views[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Economic issues[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

In a mid-June interview with BIHUS info [ထာမ်ပလိက်:Separated entries] a representative of the President of Ukraine at the Cabinet of Ministers, Andriy Herus [ထာမ်ပလိက်:Separated entries] stated that Zelenskyy had never promised to lower communal tariffs, but that a campaign video in which Zelenskyy stated that the price of natural gas in Ukraine could fall by 20–30 per cent or maybe more was a not a direct promise but actually “half-hinting" and "joking".[၁၇၃] Notably, Zelenskyy's election manifesto mentioned tariffs only once—that money raised from a capital amnesty would go towards "lowering the tariff burden on low-income citizens".[၁၇၄][၁၇၅]

Foreign policy[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

During his presidential campaign, Zelenskyy said that he supported Ukraine's becoming a member of the European Union and NATO, but he said Ukrainian voters should decide on the country's membership of these two organisations in referenda.[၁၇၆] At the same time, he believed that the Ukrainian people had already chosen "eurointegration".[၁၇၆][၁၇၇] Zelenskyy's close advisor Ivan Bakanov also said that Zelenskyy's policy is supportive of membership of both the EU and NATO, and proposes holding referendums on membership.[၁၇၈] Zelenskyy's electoral programme claimed that Ukrainian NATO membership is "the choice of the Maidan and the course that is enshrined in the Constitution, in addition, it is an instrument for strengthening our defense capability".[၁၇၉] The program states that Ukraine should set the goal to apply for a NATO Membership Action Plan in 2024.[၁၇၉] The programme also states that Zelenskyy "will do everything to ensure" that Ukraine can apply for European Union membership in 2024.[၁၈၀] Two days before the second round, Zelenskyy stated that he wanted to build "a strong, powerful, free Ukraine, which is not the younger sister of Russia, which is not a corrupt partner of Europe, but our independent Ukraine".[၁၈၁]

In October 2020, he spoke in support of Azerbaijan in regards to the Nagorno-Karabakh war between Azerbaijan and ethnic Armenians over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Zelenskyy said: "We support Azerbaijan's territorial integrity and sovereignty just as Azerbaijan always supports our territorial integrity and sovereignty."[၁၈၂]

In February 2022, he applied for Ukraine to join the European Union.[၁၈၃][၁၈၄]

Zelenskyy has tried to position Ukraine as a neutral party in the political and trade tensions between the United States and China. In January 2021, Zelenskyy said in an interview with Axios that he does not perceive China as a geopolitical threat and that he does not agree with the United States assertions that it represents one.[၁၈၅]

Russo-Ukrainian War[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Script error: The module returned a nil value. It is supposed to return an export table. Zelenskyy supported the late 2013 and early 2014 Euromaidan movement. During the war in Donbas, he actively supported the Ukrainian army.[၂၅] Zelenskyy helped fund a volunteer battalion fighting on Donbas.[၁၈၆]

In a 2014 interview with Komsomolskaya Pravda in Ukraine, Zelenskyy said that he would have liked to pay a visit to Crimea, but would avoid it because "armed people are there".[၁၈၇] In August 2014, Zelenskyy performed for Ukrainian troops in Mariupol and later his studio donated a million hryvnias to the Ukrainian army.[၁၈၈] Regarding the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea, Zelenskyy said that, speaking realistically, it would be possible to return Crimea to Ukrainian control only after a regime change in Russia.[၁၈၉]

In an interview in December 2018, Zelenskyy stated that as president he would try to end the ongoing war in Donbas by negotiating with Russia.[၁၉၀][၁၉၁] As he considered the leaders of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic (DPR and LPR) to be Russia's "puppets", it would "make no sense to speak with them".[၁၉၁] He did not rule out holding a referendum on the issue.[၁၉၂][၁၉၁] In an interview published three days before the 2019 presidential election (on 21 April), Zelenskyy stated that he was against granting the Donbas region "special status".[၁၉၃] In the interview he also said that if he were elected president he would not sign a law on amnesty for the militants of the DPR and LPR.[၁၉၃]

In response to suggestions to the contrary, he stated in April 2019 that he regarded Russian President Vladimir Putin "as an enemy".[၁၉၄] On 2 May 2019, Zelenskyy wrote on Facebook that "the border is the only thing Russia and Ukraine have in common".[၁၉၅]

Zelenskyy opposes the Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline between Russia and Germany, calling it "a dangerous weapon, not only for Ukraine but for the whole of Europe."[၁၉၆]

Government reform[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Zelenskyy with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in June 2019

During the presidential campaign, Zelenskyy promised bills to fight corruption, including removal of immunity from the president of the country, members of the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament) and judges, a law about impeachment, reform of election laws, and providing efficient trial by jury. He promised to bring the salary for military personnel "to the level of NATO standards".[၁၉၇]

Although Zelenskyy prefers elections with open list election ballots, after he called the snap 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election his draft law "On amendments to some laws of Ukraine in connection with the change of the electoral system for the election of people's deputies" proposed to hold the election with closed list because the 60-day term to the snap election did not "leave any chances for the introduction of this system".[၁၉၈]

Social issues[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Zelenskyy in the Donetsk region in June 2021

Zelenskyy supports the free distribution of medical cannabis, free abortion in Ukraine, and the legalisation of prostitution and gambling.[၁၉၃] He opposes the legalisation of firearms.[၁၉၃]

Zelenskyy stated in April 2019 that "of course" he supports the decommunization of Ukraine, but is not happy with its current form.[၁၉၉][၁၉၃] In an interview with RBC-Ukraine in April 2019, Zelenskyy said that OUN-B leader Stepan Bandera, a controversial figure in Ukrainian history, was "a hero for a certain part of Ukrainians, and this is a normal and cool thing. He was one of those who defended the freedom of Ukraine. But I think that when we name so many streets, bridges by the same name, this is not quite right."[၁၉၉][၂၀၀] In that same interview, Zelenskyy went on to criticise the overuse of tributes to Taras Shevchenko, a famous 19th century Ukrainian poet and painter. Zelenskyy concluded: "We must remember the heroes of today, heroes of the arts, heroes of literature, simply heroes of Ukraine. Why don't we use their names – the names of the heroes that today unite Ukraine?"[၁၉၉]

Zelenskyy opposes targeting the Russian language in Ukraine and banning artists for their political opinions (such as those viewed by the Government as anti-Ukrainian).[၂၀၁][၂၀၂] In April 2019, he stated that he was not against a Ukrainian language quota (on radio and TV), although he noted they could be tweaked.[၁၉၉] He also said that Russian artists "who have turned into (anti-Ukrainian) politicians" should remain banned from entering Ukraine.[၁၉၃]

Pandora Papers[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

The October 2021 Pandora Papers revealed that Zelenskyy and his chief aide and the head of the Security Service of Ukraine Ivan Bakanov operated a network of offshore companies in the British Virgin Islands, Cyprus, and Belize. These companies included some that owned expensive London property.[၂၀၃] Around the time of his 2019 election, Zelenskyy handed his shares in a key offshore company over to Shefir, but the two men appear to have made an arrangement for Zelenskyy's family to continue receiving the money from these companies.[၂၀၃] Zelenskyy's election campaign had centred on pledges to clean up the government of Ukraine.[၂၀၃] In a 17 October 2021 interview with ICTV, Zelenskyy did not deny that in 2012 he used offshore companies.[၂၀၄] He claimed he did this to avoid (his then satirical TV shows) being "influenced by politics".[၂၀၄] Zelenskyy stressed that neither he nor any member of "Kvartal 95" were involved in money laundering.[၂၀၄]

Personal life[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Volodymyr Zelenskyy and Olena Zelenska in 2019 parliamentary election

In September 2003, Zelenskyy married Olena Kiyashko,[၁၅] with whom he had attended school.[၁၅] The couple's first daughter, Oleksandra, was born in July 2004.[၁၅] Their son, Kyrylo, was born in January 2013.[၁၅] In Zelenskyy's 2014 movie 8 New Dates, their daughter played Sasha, the daughter of the protagonist.[၁၅] In 2016, she participated in the show The Comedy Comet Company Comedy's Kids and won 50,000 hryvnias.[၁၅]

Zelenskyy's first language is Russian, and he is also fluent in Ukrainian and English.[၂၀၅][၂၀၆] His assets were worth about 37 million hryvnias (about $1.5 million USD) in 2018.[၂၀၇]

Selected filmography[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

The film premiere of I, You, He, She

Film[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Year Title Role
2009 Love in the Big City Igor
2011 Office Romance. Our Time Anatoly Efremovich Novoseltsev
2012 Love in the Big City 2 Igor
Rzhevsky Versus Napoleon Napoleon
8 First Dates Nikita Sokolov
2014 Love in Vegas Igor Zelenskyy
Paddington (Ukrainian dub) Paddington Bear (voice)
2015 8 New Dates Nikita Andreevich Sokolov
2018 ထာမ်ပလိက်:Illm Maksym Tkachenko

Television series and shows[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Year Title Role Notes
2006 Dancing with the Stars (Ukraine) as contestant
2008–2012 Svaty ("In-Laws") as producer
2015–2019 Servant of the People (TV series) Vasyl Petrovych Holoborodko

Notes[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

  1. Since 2015, Ukraine has banned Russian artists and other Russian works of culture from entering Ukraine.[၃၁]
  2. From 21 January until 18 April 2019 Zelenskyy did not give interviews.[၄၈]

References[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

  1. Зеленський Володимир Олександрович (in ru). ЦВК Украины.
  2. ၂.၀ ၂.၁ ၂.၂ Agency, Jewish Telegraphic. Volodymyr Zelensky Was a Jewish Comedian. Now the World’s Eyes Are on Him — Detroit Jewish News.
  3. Hosa, Joanna (2019). Zelensky Unchained: What Ukraine's New Political Order Means For Its Future (Report). ECRF. pp. 11–13. JSTOR resrep21659.
  4. Hosa, Joanna (2019). Zelensky Unchained: What Ukraine's New Political Order Means For Its Future (Report). ECRF. pp. 7–10. JSTOR resrep21659.
  5. "Ukraine Lifts Prosecutorial Immunity For Members Of Parliament" (in en)၊ RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty၊ 19 December 2019။ 
  6. Peleschuk၊ Dan။ "Ukraine's anti-corruption effort struggles, but soldiers on" (in en)၊ Eurasianet၊ 15 April 2021။ 
  7. Wilson၊ Andrew။ "Faltering fightback: Zelensky's piecemeal campaign against Ukraine's oligarchs – European Council on Foreign Relations"၊ ECFR၊ 6 July 2021။ 
  8. "Ukraine: why Volodymyr Zelensky is pursuing a disruptive agenda"၊ Financial Times၊ 21 October 2019။ 
  9. Zelensky invokes Judaism to rally support for Ukrainian cause (4 March 2022).
  10. Lutsevych၊ Orysia။ "Ukraine still backs Zelenskyy despite slow progress" (in en)၊ Chatham House၊ 16 November 2021။ 
  11. Conflict in Ukraine (in en).
  12. Seibt၊ Sébastian။ "Military tactics: Zelensky plays both sides in Ukrainian crisis" (in en)၊ France 24၊ 18 February 2022။ 
  13. Ukraine war: what are Russia's strategic aims and how effectively are they achieving them? (in en) (3 March 2022).
  14. ethnic Ukrainian father's farer's medal certificate (in ru).
  15. ၁၅.၀၀ ၁၅.၀၁ ၁၅.၀၂ ၁၅.၀၃ ၁၅.၀၄ ၁၅.၀၅ ၁၅.၀၆ ၁၅.၀၇ ၁၅.၀၈ ၁၅.၀၉ ၁၅.၁၀ ၁၅.၁၁ ၁၅.၁၂ ၁၅.၁၃ ၁၅.၁၄ ၁၅.၁၅ You must specify title = and url = when using {{cite web}}. (in ru).
  16. Jewish comic who plays Ukraine president on TV leads Ukraine’s presidential race Archived ၃၁ မာတ် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, The Times of Israel (13 March 2019).
  17. ၁၇.၀ ၁၇.၁ Higgins၊ Andrew။ "Ukraine's Newly Elected President Is Jewish. So Is Its Prime Minister. Not All Jews There Are Pleased."၊ The New York Times၊ 24 April 2019။ 
  18. Vladimir Zelensky told about his relationship with his parents Archived ၇ ဇာန်နဝါရဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine by Television Service of News, Channel 1+1, 28 September 2017 (in Ukrainian)
  19. Zelensky Oleksandr Semenovich Archived ၇ ဇာန်နဝါရဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine at the Kryvyi Rih State University of Economics and Technology official website (in Ukrainian)
  20. Volodymyr Zelensky Archived ၇ ဇာန်နဝါရဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine interview by Dmitry Gordon at the official website, 26 December 2018 (in Russian)
  21. Отбил 4 атаки и уничтожил врага: чем прославился дедушка Зеленского во Второй мировой войне (9 May 2019).
  22. "Zelenskiy: contribution of Ukrainians in victory over Nazism huge"၊ Kyiv Post၊ 9 May 2019။ 
  23. Talmazan, Yuliya (27 February 2022). 3 years ago Zelenskyy was a TV comedian. Now he's standing up to Putin's army. (in en).
  24. Зеленський: Якщо мене оберуть президентом, спочатку будуть поливати брудом, потім – поважати, а потім – плакати, коли піду.
  25. ၂၅.၀ ၂၅.၁ ၂၅.၂ ၂၅.၃ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky announced his decision to go to the presidency (video) Archived ၂၇ မာတ် ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine, UNIAN (1 January 2019)
  26. КВН 95 квартал – Человек рожденный в танце on YouTube
  27. ၂၇.၀ ၂၇.၁ Vladimir Zelenskiy Archived ၃၁ မာတ် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine at the official Kvartal 95 website
  28. Zaporizhia-Kryvyi Rih-Transit Archived ၇ ဨပြဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine team profile at the official KVN website (in Russian)
  29. "How funny is the comedian who may be Ukraine’s next president?" Archived ၁ မာတ် ၂၀၂၂ at the Wayback Machine by Viv Groskop, in The Guardian, 2 April 2019. (Retrieved 28 February 2022.)
  30. ၃၀.၀ ၃၀.၁ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky intended to demand the resignation of the Ministry of Culture Archived ၂၁ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, sevas.com (9 August 2014)
  31. ၃၁.၀ ၃၁.၁ Ukraine bans 38 Russian 'hate' books amid culture war Archived ၂၉ ဒဳဇြေမ်ဗါ ၂၀၁၈ at the Wayback Machine, BBC News (11 August 2015)
  32. ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang "Night watch", "Love in a big city 2": in the State Committee called new prohibited films Archived ၁၇ ဇာန်နဝါရဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (17 January 2019)
  33. ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Actor Zelensky criticized the SBU because of the ban on the series "Matchmakers" Archived ၂ ဇာန်နဝါရဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, RIA Novosti (24 November 2017)
    ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang SC will check whether Zelensky financed the Ukrainian army Archived ၆ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၁၆ at the Wayback Machine, Komsomolskaya Pravda (02/05/15)
  34. "Volodymyr Zelensky in major lead in Ukraine presidential election runoff: Biography, quotes"၊ Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (UNIAN)၊ 22 April 2019။ 
  35. Суд скасував заборону на серіал "Свати".
  36. ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang "Quarter 95" will take off its first Ukrainian-language comedy with Nastya Kamensky in the lead role, Zaxid.net [ထာမ်ပလိက်:Separated entries] (20 June 2017). Retrieved 4 April 2019
  37. Я, Ти, Вiн, Вона (2018) – Release Info. IMDb.
  38. You must specify title = and url = when using {{cite web}}.Tetjana Turlik’yan (18 December 2018). (in uk). РБК-Україна.
  39. ၃၉.၀ ၃၉.၁ "Lawyer Zelenskyy has registered a new political party "Servant of the people"" (in uk)၊ UNIAN၊ 3 December 2017။ 
  40. ၄၀.၀ ၄၀.၁ ၄၀.၂ ၄၀.၃ "The boundary of a joke. How Zelensky prepares for the election" (in uk)၊ Ukrayinska Pravda၊ 25 October 2018။ 
  41. ၄၁.၀ ၄၁.၁ Could a rock star become Ukraine's next president? Archived ၂ ဇာန်နဝါရဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Deutsche Welle (24 August 2018)
  42. How Ukraine's Presidential Race Is Shaping Up (in en-US) (29 October 2018).
  43. ၄၃.၀ ၄၃.၁ Comedian faces scrutiny over oligarch ties in Ukraine presidential race. Reuters (1 April 2019).
  44. Volodymyr Zelensky: April 1 – an awesome day for a clown to win (in uk).
  45. ၄၅.၀ ၄၅.၁ ၄၅.၂ ၄၅.၃ Ukraine media demands access to runoff frontrunner Zelensky Archived ၁၇ ဨပြဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Al Jazeera (16 April 2019)
  46. Karatnycky, Adrian. The World Just Witnessed the First Entirely Virtual Presidential Campaign (in en).
  47. ၄၇.၀ ၄၇.၁ Ukraine election: Why comic Zelenskiy is real threat to Poroshenko Archived ၂၇ မာတ် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, BBC news (27 March 2019).
  48. ၄၈.၀ ၄၈.၁ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky's team. Who are these people Archived ၁၈ ဨပြဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (19 April 2019)
  49. Miller, Christopher (8 February 2019). Crowdsourcer In Chief: Ukrainian Funnyman Takes Unorthodox Path To Top Of Presidential Pack (in en).
  50. Melkozerova, Veronika (4 March 2019). ‘Servant of the People’ leads Ukraine’s presidential race (in en-US).
  51. Zelensky: Party "Servant of the people" goes into politics (in uk) (26 December 2018).
  52. ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky responded to the "cat in the bag" and told about the strategy Archived ၁၈ ဨပြဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 April 2019).
  53. Bociurkiw၊ Michael။ "Why Ukraine might elect a comedian"၊ 30 March 2019။ 
  54. Maheshwari, Vijai (17 April 2019). The comedian and the oligarch.
  55. "Ukraine elections: actor and comedian poised to win crushing victory"၊ The Guardian၊ 18 April 2019။ 
  56. "Ukraine election: Poroshenko attacks Zelensky before runoff"၊ Al-Jazeera၊ 1 April 2019။ 
  57. "Rivals in Ukraine's presidential runoff hold bitter debate at sports stadium"၊ The Times of Israel၊ 20 April 2019။ 
  58. ၅၈.၀ ၅၈.၁ "How the Ukraine Scandal Looks in Ukraine"၊ Slate၊ 27 September 2019။ 
  59. ၅၉.၀ ၅၉.၁ Zelensky vs Proshenko: debates at the stadium and the Suspilne TV studio (Зеленський vs Порошенко: дебати на стадіоні та в студії Суспільного). Hromadske.ua. 19 April 2019
  60. Debates of Poroshenko and Zelensky: all details, photos and video (Дебати Порошенка і Зеленського: всі подробиці, фото і відео) Archived ၂၁ ဨပြဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine. Apostrophe. 19 April 2019
  61. Yermakov, Oleksandr. Zelensky and Poroshenko debates: chronology of events from telebridge to both stages at "Olimpiyskiy" (Дебати Зеленського і Порошенка: хронологія подій від телемосту до двох сцен на «Олімпійському») Archived ၂၉ ဂျောန် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine. Radio Liberty. 19 April 2019
  62. ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky answered whether he would go for a second term Archived ၂၀ မေ ၂၀၂၁ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (20 May 2021)
  63. ၆၃.၀ ၆၃.၁ ၆၃.၂ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky plans to attract investment in Ukraine through a resumption of the judicial system Archived ၂၇ မာတ် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (23 March 2019).
  64. (in Ukrainian) Central Election Commission of Ukraine – Ukrainian Presidential Election 2019 (first round). Cenetral Election Commission of Ukraine.
  65. (in Ukrainian) Central Election Commission of Ukraine – Ukrainian Presidential Election 2019 (run-off).
  66. Ukraine election: Comedian Zelensky wins presidency by landslide Archived ၂၁ ဨပြဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, BBC News (22 April 2019)
  67. Election of President of Ukraine 2019 Repeat voting Archived ၁၃ အဝ်ဂေတ် ၂၀၂၁ at the Wayback Machine, UKR.VOTE
  68. Перший європейський лідер привітав Зеленського.
  69. Zelensky meets with Macron (12 April 2019).
  70. Зеленський вже поговорив телефоном із Трампом.
  71. Ukraine vaults into unknown after comic elected president (16 January 2012).
  72. Joint letter of President Tusk and President Juncker to Volodymyr Zelensky, President-elect of Ukraine – Consilium.
  73. Ukraine's New President Vows To Dissolve Parliament As PM, Other Key Officials Resign.
  74. Volodymyr Zelenskyy promised international partners that the world would be proud of Ukraine.
  75. "New Ukraine President Zelensky calls snap election"၊ BBC News၊ 20 May 2019။ 
  76. Zelensky may dissolve parliament despite People's Front withdrawal from coalition – expert.
  77. Georgia's Saakashvili has Ukrainian citizenship restored (28 May 2019).
  78. UAWire – Ukrainian parliament rejects Zelensky's proposal to change election system.
  79. Archived copy (in uk).
  80. Рада включила в повестку дня депутатский законопроект об ответственности за незаконное обогащение, инициативу Зеленского рассматривать отказались.[better source needed]
  81. Archived copy (in uk).
  82. Zelensky cancels Independence Day parade on August 24 citing costs.
  83. Zelensky cancels Independence Day military parade, gives money to soldiers | KyivPost – Ukraine's Global Voice (9 July 2019).
  84. No Independence Day parade to be held this year, Zelensky says.
  85. Bonuses instead of parade: Ukraine's leader takes surprising decision.
  86. Voice of America: Journalists see censorship in Ukraine's proposed media laws (6 February 2020).
  87. Journalists See Specter of Censorship in Ukraine's Proposed Media Law (5 February 2020).
  88. Zelensky without extra announcement jetted off in Oman "for a meeting at the highest level (Зеленський без зайвих анонсів гайнув в Оман "на зустрічі на найвищому рівні") Archived ၂၁ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Ukrayinska Pravda. 5 January 2020
  89. Yevhen Solonyna. Zelensky in Oman. Experts tell about crisis in communications of the President (Зеленський в Омані. Експерти говорять про кризу комунікації президента)) Archived ၂၁ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Radio Liberty. 6 January 2020
  90. ၉၀.၀ ၉၀.၁ Shushkovska, Alisa (18 February 2021). Ukraine adopts new and improved referendum law (in en-US).
  91. Ukraine's referendum law passed during Yanukovych's presidency designated as unconstitutional (in en) (27 April 2018).
  92. Filtenborg, Emil (22 June 2021). Zelenskyy speeds up corruption crackdown, one oligarch at a time (in en).
  93. Polityuk၊ Pavel။ "Ukrainian lawmakers pass law on oligarchs after assassination attempt" (in en)၊ Reuters၊ 23 September 2021။ 
  94. ၉၄.၀ ၉၄.၁ Нові кадри в Адміністрації. Кого Зеленський привів на Банкову.
  95. Archived copy (in uk).
  96. Карцев, Дмитрий (22 May 2019). Владимир Зеленский руководит Украиной три дня. Вот что он сделал (и не сделал).
  97. Zelensky's childhood friend appointed SBU's first deputy chief (Document).
  98. Зеркаль відмовилась від посади заступника глави АП – джерела.
  99. Рада отказала Зеленскому в увольнении двух министров и главы СБУ. Ни один из его законопроектов не рассмотрен (in ru).
  100. Даша, Зубкова (2 July 2019). Zelenskyy Again Asking Rada To Dismiss Lutsenko And Klimkin, Appoint Prystaiko As Foreign Affairs Minister (in en).
  101. Sorokin, Oleksiy (6 July 2019). Zelensky appoints his first governors — in Lviv, Donetsk, Zakarpattia oblasts.
  102. "Volodymyr Zelensky clears the old elite out of parliament"၊ 25 July 2019။ 
  103. Oleksiy Honcharuk named prime minister, Cabinet approved (29 August 2019).
  104. Ukrainian Parliament Accepts Resignation Of Influential Interior Minister (in en) (15 July 2021).
  105. The new prime minister explained how Avakov was left – the "red lines" (Новий прем'єр пояснив, як лишили Авакова: "червоні лінії") Archived ၃၁ မာတ် ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Ukrayinska Pravda. 30 August 2019
  106. Zelensky dismisses head of president's office Bohdan, appoints Yermak instead Archived ၁၂ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (11 February 2020)
  107. Talant၊ Bermet။ "Hasty government reshuffle sows disquiet at home, abroad"၊ Kyiv Post၊ 6 March 2020။ 
  108. ZELENSKYY၊ VOLODYMYR။ "Speech by President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy at an extraordinary session of the Verkhovna Rada"၊ PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE Official website၊ 4 March 2020။ 
  109. "Zelensky's approval rating slides to 31% – poll"၊ Ukrainian Independent Information Agency၊ 21 September 2020။ 
  110. "Zelensky enacts strategy for de-occupation and reintegration of Crimea"၊ Ukrinform၊ 24 March 2021။ 
  111. ၁၁၁.၀ ၁၁၁.၁ ၁၁၁.၂ Ukraine conflict: Anger as Zelensky agrees vote deal in east (2 October 2019).
  112. Леонид Кучма возглавил украинскую делегацию в Трехсторонней контактной группе.
  113. Telephone conversation with President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky.
  114. ၁၁၄.၀ ၁၁၄.၁ Foy၊ Henry။ "Putin and Zelensky hold first discussion with talks on conflict, prisoner swap"၊ Financial Times၊ 11 July 2019။ 
  115. Thousands protest Ukraine leader's peace plan (6 October 2019).
  116. "Владимир Зеленский ушел без оружия" (in ru)၊ Kommersant၊ 27 October 2019။ 
  117. "Far-right groups protest Ukrainian president's peace plan"၊ Los Angeles Times၊ 14 October 2019။ 
  118. Due to disaster in Iran, Zelensky interrupted his trip to Oman (Через катастрофу в Ірані Зеленський перервав поїздку до Оману) Archived ၂၁ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Ukrayinska Pravda. 8 January 2020
  119. Timur Grigorenko. "I am departing!" Zelensky urgently left Oman due to the plane crash ("Вылетаю!" Зеленский срочно покинул Оман из-за крушения самолета) Archived ၂၁ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Obozrevatel.com. 8 January 2020
  120. Zelensky arrived from Oman almost a day later after the disaster, "Skhemy" (Зеленський прилетів з Оману майже через добу після авіакатастрофи – "Схеми") Archived ၂၂ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Ukrayinska Pravda. 9 January 2020
  121. In Oman Zelensky may have met with Surkov, mass media (В Омані Зеленський міг зустрічатися із Сурковим, – ЗМІ) Archived ၂၂ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Glavcom.ua. 12 January 2020
  122. Zelensky and the Medvedchuk's plane in Oman: in the president's office commented the coincident (Зеленський і літак Медведчука в Омані: у президента прокоментували збіг) Archived ၂၂ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Ukrayinska Pravda. 14 January 2020
  123. Medvedchuk told who flew in his plane from Oman, while there was Zelensky (Медведчук розповів, хто летів у його літаку з Оману, поки там був Зеленський) Archived ၂၂ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Ukrayinska Pravda. 14 January 2020
  124. Roman Romaniuk. Andriy Yermak: Zelensky returned from Oman as soon as it was possible Archived ၁၃ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Ukrayinska Pravda. 14 January 2020
  125. Mikhail Shilin. Prystaiko did not answer about the "official visit" of Zelensky to Oman (Пристайко не ответил по "официальному визиту" Зеленского в Оман) Archived ၂၂ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Liga.net. 17 January 2020
  126. Vadim Rebrina. In the Presidential Office do not know with whom flew Zelensky and what he signed in Oman (В ОП не знают, с кем летал и что подписывал Зеленский в Омане) Archived ၂၂ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Liga.net. 24 January 2020
  127. Mikhail Shilin. Prystaiko about the visit of Zelensky to Oman: When time comes we will explain (Пристайко о визите Зеленского в Оман: В свое время разъясним) Archived ၂၂ ဖေဖဝ်ဝါရဳ ၂၀၂၀ at the Wayback Machine. Liga.net. 20 January 2020
  128. Zelensky to meet EU officials on first foreign visit.
  129. "Ukrainian president to resume exhumation of Poles in Ukraine: report"၊ Telewizja Polska၊ 29 August 2019။ 9 March 2022 တင်နိဿဲဏအ် စၟဳစၟတ်တုဲ။ Archived from the original on 30 September 2019။ 
  130. "Biden Faces Conflict of Interest Questions That Are Being Promoted by Trump and Allies" (in en-US)၊ The New York Times၊ 1 May 2019။ 
  131. Schreckinger၊ Ben။ "The Biden family's strange business history"၊ Politico၊ 3 August 2019။ 
  132. Law, Tara (25 September 2019). "Ukrainian President Denies President Trump Pressured Him". Time (in အင်္ဂလိက်). Archived from the original on 17 November 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  133. Biden, Zelensky Discuss Energy, Russia, Ukraine's Future With the West (1 September 2021).
  134. ၁၃၄.၀ ၁၃၄.၁ President Zelensky, First Lady open Ukrainian House in Washington (2 September 2021).
  135. Zelensky arrives to Washington to meet Blinken, Granholm, Biden (31 August 2021).
  136. Zelensky to meet with Apple CEO in California on Sept 2, visit Silicon Valley, speak at Stanford University (2 September 2021).
  137. "In California, Zelensky meets with Ukrainians working at Silicon Valley companies"၊ 4 September 2021။ 
  138. Zelensky at Stanford: 'Russia's policy is to take, not give' (3 September 2021).
  139. Top Adviser to Ukrainian President Is Targeted in an Assassination Attempt Archived ၂၃ သေပ်တေမ်ဗါ ၂၀၂၁ at the Wayback Machine, New York Times, Ivan Nechepurenko and Michael Schwirtz, 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  140. Shylenko, Olga (8 April 2021). Ukraine's Zelensky on frontline as Merkel urges Putin to pull back troops.
  141. "Zelensky warns Ukraine 'entirely prepared' if Russia attacks"၊ France 24၊ 26 November 2021။ 
  142. "Zelenskiy says Ukraine uncovers coup plot involving Russians; Kremlin denies role"၊ Reuters၊ 26 November 2021။ 
  143. "Ukraine's Zelenskiy Says Ready for Russian Escalation, Claims Coup Plot Uncovered"၊ The Moscow Times၊ 27 November 2021။ 
  144. "EU threatens Russia sanctions as NATO backs Ukraine"၊ France 24၊ 16 December 2021။ 
  145. "'Big hype': Zelenskyy urges restraint amid risk of Russian invasion"၊ Daily Sabah၊ 20 January 2022။ 
  146. "Some Ukrainians Are Angry About Washington Ordering Diplomats' Families To Leave The US Embassy"၊ BuzzFeed News၊ 24 January 2022။ 
  147. "Volodymyr Zelensky accuses the West of causing 'panic' with warnings of a Russian invasion that hurts the Ukrainian economy"၊ Business Insider၊ 28 January 2022။ 
  148. "Ukraine to the world: keep calm and stop spreading panic"၊ Financial Times၊ 28 January 2022။ 
  149. "Ukraine crisis: US president Joe Biden tells Zelensky to 'prepare' for Russian invasion"၊ The New Zealand Herald၊ 28 January 2022။ 
  150. "Ukraine's president told Biden to 'calm down' Russian invasion warnings, saying he was creating unwanted panic: report"၊ Yahoo News၊ 28 January 2022။ 
  151. "Ukraine is 'longing for peace' says Zelensky at Munich Security Conference"၊ France 24၊ France 24၊ 19 February 2022။ 
  152. Full Translation: Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy's Feb. 23 Speech (in en) (24 February 2022). Archived from the original on 26 February 2022။ Retrieved on 9 March 2022
  153. "Ukraine conflict: Russian forces attack from three sides" (in en-GB)၊ BBC News၊ 24 February 2022။ 
  154. Украина разорвала дипломатические отношения с Россией (24 February 2022).
  155. "Ukrainian president signs decree on general mobilisation of population -Interfax" (in en)၊ Reuters၊ 24 February 2022။ 
  156. "Ukraine president orders full military mobilisation" (in en)၊ The National၊ 24 February 2022။ 
  157. Putin Unbowed as Russia Presses Ahead With Invasion Toward Kyiv. BNN Bloomberg (25 February 2022).
  158. "U.S. stands ready to evacuate Zelensky, Russia's 'No. 1 target'"၊ 25 February 2022။ 
  159. "Ukraine's capital under threat as Russia presses invasion"၊ Associated Press၊ 25 February 2022။ 
  160. ၁၆၀.၀ ၁၆၀.၁ Volodymyr Zelenskiy stands defiant in face of Russian attack (in en) (26 February 2022).
  161. ၁၆၁.၀ ၁၆၁.၁ "Ukraine's Volodymyr Zelenskyy: From comedian to national hero"၊ Deutsche Welle 
  162. Other sources:
  163. O'Cearuil, Eamon (3 March 2022). Glory to You, President Zelenskyy (in en-US).
  164. "Zelensky emerges as global hero in Ukraine battle against Russia"၊ The Hill 
  165. "Ukrainian President Zelenskyy Standing Tall in the Face of Danger"၊ Der Spiegel 
  166. "'I need ammunition, not a ride': Zelenskyy is the hero his country needs as Russia invades"၊ USA Today 
  167. "Ukraine's Volodymyr Zelensky: The comedian president who is rising to the moment" (in en-GB)၊ BBC News၊ 26 February 2022။ 
  168. Rana၊ Manveen။ "Volodymyr Zelensky survives three assassination attempts in days" (in en)၊ The Times၊ 3 March 2022။ 
  169. Zelensky says ‘we will not forgive’ after Russians kill fleeing civilians, Times of Israel
  170. Cramer, Philissa. 18 things to know about Jewish defender of Ukrainian democracy Volodymyr Zelensky.
  171. Beckerman, Gal (27 February 2022). How Zelensky Gave the World a Jewish Hero.
  172. Czech president to award state honour to Ukraine's president. Reuters (7 March 2022).
  173. ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky stated that he did not promise to lower tariffs Archived ၁၂ ဂျောန် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (12 June 2019)
  174. Archived copy (in ru) (25 January 2019).
  175. Передвиборча програма кандидата в президенти України Володимира Зеленського (July 2020).
  176. ၁၇၆.၀ ၁၇၆.၁ Troianovski၊ Anton။ "'Parallel universe': The front-runner seeking to be Ukraine's president plays one on TV"၊ 9 March 2019။ 
  177. "Zelensky about eurointegration: referendum is needed" (in uk)၊ Ukrayinska Pravda၊ 22 March 2019။ 
  178. What a Volodymyr Zelensky Ukrainian Presidency Would Look Like (18 April 2019).
  179. ၁၇၉.၀ ၁၇၉.၁ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky, Poroshenko, Tymoshenko and Gritsenko told how to move to NATO Archived ၂၅ မာတ် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (25 March 2019).
  180. ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang From the EU to nuclear weapons: foreign policy Zelensky, Poroshenko, Tymoshenko and Gritsenko Archived ၂၅ မာတ် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (25 March 2019).
  181. You must specify title = and url = when using {{cite web}}. (in uk).
  182. "Ukraine supports Azerbaijan's territorial integrity"၊ Anadolu Agency၊ 2 October 2020။ 
  183. Treisman၊ Rachel။ "Ukraine wants to join the EU. Here's how that would work" (in en)၊ NPR၊ 28 February 2022။ 
  184. 8 EU countries support Ukraine's call to fast-track membership talks (in en-US).
  185. "Exclusive: Ukraine's Zelensky says he doesn't feel China threat"၊ Axios၊ 31 January 2021။ 
  186. "Ukraine election rivals trade taunts and media tricks"၊ BBC News၊ 17 April 2019။ 
  187. Archived copy (in ru-RU).
  188. Archived copy (in ru-RU).
  189. Front-runner in Ukraine's election race names condition for returning Crimea.
  190. "Ukraine's New President Zelensky Hints At Peace With Russia"၊ Forbes၊ 16 September 2019။ 
  191. ၁၉၁.၀ ၁၉၁.၁ ၁၉၁.၂ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky about the war in the Donbas: Though we are ready to agree with the devil Archived ၂၆ ဒဳဇြေမ်ဗါ ၂၀၁၈ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (26 December 2018)
  192. Genin, Aaron (28 March 2019). Upcoming Elections and Ukrainian 'Ultra-nationalism'.[permanent dead link] ထာမ်ပလိက်:Unreliable source?
  193. ၁၉၃.၀ ၁၉၃.၁ ၁၉၃.၂ ၁၉၃.၃ ၁၉၃.၄ ၁၉၃.၅ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Vladimir Zelensky: It is beneficial for us to dissolve the Rada, but we will think and act according to the law Archived ၁၈ ဨပြဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, RBC Ukraine (18 April 2019)
  194. Kyiv၊ Tom Parfitt။ "Ukraine poll leader Volodymyr Zelensky sees Putin as an enemy"၊ The Times၊ 19 April 2019။ 
  195. Zelensky: Border only "common" thing between Ukraine, Russia (in en).
  196. "Ukraine insists Nord Stream 2 is 'dangerous' despite German reassurances"၊ Politico၊ 22 August 2021။ 
  197. ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Comfortable topics for candidates: how they understand reforms Archived ၃၀ မာတ် ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, The Ukrainian Week (6 March 2019).
  198. Опублікували виборчий закон Зеленського, у нардепів є альтернатива.
  199. ၁၉၉.၀ ၁၉၉.၁ ၁၉၉.၂ ၁၉၉.၃ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky suggested, that he might not get to shake Poroshenko's hand (ed. if one were to cut off the hands of all corrupt officials) Archived ၁၈ ဨပြဳ ၂၀၁၉ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 April 2019)
  200. Zelensky on Bandera: Ukrainians should also praise modern day heroes.
  201. Зеленский о запрете въезда российских артистов в Украину – События – Новости Крыма Sevas.Com.
  202. "Ukraine blacklists Russian artists"၊ BBC၊ 8 August 2015။ 
  203. ၂၀၃.၀ ၂၀၃.၁ ၂၀၃.၂ Pandora Papers Reveal Offshore Holdings of Ukrainian President and his Inner Circle Archived ၉ အံက်တဝ်ဗါ ၂၀၂၁ at the Wayback Machine, Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (3 October 2021)
    "Revealed: 'anti-oligarch' Ukrainian president's offshore connections" (in en-GB)၊ The Guardian၊ 3 October 2021။ 
  204. ၂၀၄.၀ ၂၀၄.၁ ၂၀၄.၂ ထာမ်ပလိက်:In lang Zelensky said he did not launder money, although he used offshore Archived ၁၈ အံက်တဝ်ဗါ ၂၀၂၁ at the Wayback Machine, Ukrayinska Pravda (17 October 2021)
  205. Savchuk၊ Tetiana။ "Західна преса: про Тимошенко, Порошенка і Зеленського" (in uk)၊ Radio Svoboda/Radio Liberty၊ 28 March 2019။ "російськомовний Зеленський" 
  206. CNBC, CNBC. Trump and Zelensky speak after bilateral meeting. CNBC.
  207. Рух Чесно: У 2018 році Зеленський збільшив свої статки на 6 млн грн.