အပြံက်၊ ဂစေံ

နူ ဝဳကဳပဳဒဳယာ
အ​ညွှန်း​သို့ ခုန်ကူးရန် ရှာဖွေရန် ခုန်ကူးမည်
Wagtails
White-browed Wagtail I MG 9376.jpg
White-browed wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Motacillidae
Genus: Motacilla

Linnaeus, 1758
Species

Many, see text

ဂစေံအပြံက် wagtail ဝွံ ဒှ်ဂစေံ မလုပ်လၟိဟ် တၞောဝ်ဗဳဇ Motacilla, ဂကောံကၟိန် Motacillidae ရ။ ဂစေံအပြံက်ဝွံ ရံင်ကဵု ဗီုပြင် သဏ္ဌာန် ဂတ မချဳဓရာင်ဂှ်တုဲ မကဵုလဝ်ယၟု အပြံက်ရ။ ပ္ဍဲကဵု ဘာသာအင်္ဂလိက် မကော် wagtail ရံင်ကဵု ဗီုဂတမလျချဳဒၟံင်ဂှ်တုဲ မကဵုလဝ်ယၟုဍေဟ်ရ။

Taxonomy[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Wagtail
Egg, Collection Museum Wiesbaden, Germany

Species list[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

The genus contains 13 species.[၁]

  • Western yellow wagtail Motacilla flava
Adult male Motacilla flava
  • Eastern yellow wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis
Motacilla tschutachensis
  • Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola
Male Motacilla citreola in breeding plumage
  • Cape wagtail Motacilla capensis
Motacilla capensis
  • Madagascan wagtail Motacilla flaviventris
Motacilla flaviventris
  • Grey wagtail Motacilla cinerea
    Motacilla cinerea
  • Mountain wagtail Motacilla clara
Motacilla clara
  • White wagtail Motacilla alba - polyphyletic or paraphyletic
Fenale Motacilla alba first summer
  • African pied wagtail Motacilla aguimp
Motacilla aguimp
  • Mekong wagtail Motacilla samveasnae
Motacilla samvesnae
  • Japanese wagtail Motacilla grandis
Motacilla grandis
  • White-browed wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
Motacilla maderaspatensis
  • São Tomé shorttail Motacilla bocagii

Former species in this genus[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Motacilla:

  • Superb fairywren (as Motacilla cyanea)[၂]
  • Red-whiskered bulbul (emeria) (as Motacilla Emeria)[၃]

References[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

Sources[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

  • Voelker, Gary (2002): Systematics and historical biogeography of wagtails: Dispersal versus vicariance revisited. Condor 104(4): 725–739. [English with Spanish abstract] DOI: 10.1650/0010-5422(2002)104[0725:SAHBOW]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract

External links[ပလေဝ်ဒါန် | ပလေဝ်ဒါန် တမ်ကၞက်]

  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wagtail" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • Wagtail videos on the Internet Bird Collection